Upnor Castle

History of Upnor Castle

Upnor Castle entrance

Upnor Castle was built in 1559 to protect the Queen’s navy when moored in Chatham Reach and later enlarged at the end of the 16th century.

Subsequently, it was converted into a magazine establishment in the late-17th century after the Dutch raid on the Medway.

The castle was designed by Sir Richard Lee, the foremost English military engineer of his day.

Accounts of the first building campaign extend to 1564. The Upnor Castle was enlarged in 1599-1601 when it took on its present shape.

In 1623, eighteen guns of various sizes were mounted and the castle saw action during the Dutch raid on the Medway in 1667.

Upnor Castle site

Following that attack, the defenses of the Medway were changed radically and in 1668 Upnor was ordered to be converted into a Place of Stores and Magazines.

This use continued until 1827. Soon after 1718, a separate barrack was built for the garrison close to the village street.

In 1891 Upnor and its depot were transferred from the War Office to the Admiralty and became part of the Naval Armament Supply Department

Upnor Castle later became an ordnance laboratory and in 1961 it became a national monument and is now cared for by English heritage.

Upnor Castle Visits

Upnor Castle tower

The Upnor Castle is a rare example of an Elizabethan artillery fort and it is open for visits.

Adult ticket: £5.50, Child ticket: £3.50 and a Family Ticket: £14.50. For opening times visit the official website.

Contact details:
Tel: 01634 718742 or 01634 338110 when the castle is closed.

Upnor Castle Location

Upnor Castle is located in Upper Upnor, Rochester, Kent ME2 4XG, United Kingdom. Get help with directions using the map provided below:

Upnor Castle Map

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