Qal’at ar-Rifa’ (Riffa Fort)

Riffa Fort courtyard view

Qal’at ar-Rifa’ is a 17th-century fort located on a reef amid the ancient Riffa settlement and modern-day West Riffa. Currently, it is also known as Sh. Salman Bin Ahmed Al Fateh Fort.

Riffa Fort History

Riffa Fort courtyard

Built originally under the Persian Safavid empire’s rule, Riffa Fort was converted by Sh. Salman Bin Ahmed Al Khalifa was a defense and residential complex and the headquarters of the sultan in 1812.

Until 1869 Riffa was the capital of Bahrain, thus Riffa Fort held great strategical importance. It now features three elaborate rectangular chambers, each with an independent court.

Riffa Fort courtyard detail

The first court has a staircase and a new building on its western part. The second contains a path leading outside the fort and two identical chambers. The third is narrow, with several smaller chambers alongside the staircase on its southern façade.

Riffa Fort also contains a huge façade on its northern side, a circular garrison amid the chambers, a well, and a mosque nearby.

Visitor Information

The Riffa Fort is located near the Hunanaiya Valley, 20 km from Manama. Entrance to the fort is free.

Qal’at ar-Rifa’ Location

Riffa Fort Address: Road No 368, Rifaa, Southern Governorate, Bahrain. Get help with directions using the map provided below:

Qal’at ar-Rifa’ Map

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